Blog Posts on pathophysiology




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Acute Glomerulonephritis (AGN) Pathophysiology & Schematic Diagram by RNspeak on Mar 21, 2013The kidney/s are the main organs of the urinary system. Its primary function is to filter the blood for waste products and excrete it out of the body through the urine. Another of its function is on the the regulation of blood pressure through mainta...



Appendicitis Pathophysiology & Schematic Diagram by RNspeak on Mar 12, 2013The vermiform appendix is a tiny tubular organ that is close-ended on one end and the other is connected to the cecum. It is sometimes called the tail of the large intestine or colon. It is located below the junction between the small and large intes...



Cholelithiasis (Gallstones) Pathophysiology & Schematic Diagram by RNspeak on Feb 5, 2013Gallstones or Cholelithiasis is the most common disease of the biliary system affecting nearly 20 million people in the United States alone. Gall stones are solid, pebble like collections that accumulates in the gallbladder. Bile is composed of vario...



Pathophysiology of Liver Cirrhosis & Schematic Diagram by RNspeak on Feb 1, 2013Liver cirrhosis occurs when the regenerative capacity of the liver is overwhelmed by alcohol consumption, drug or chemical damage, long-term infection brought upon by infection or extra hepatic bile obstruction. Numerous infiltrating inflammatory cel...



Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation (DIC) Pathophysiology & Schematic Diagram by RNspeak on Nov 29, 2012Disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC)  is a complicated case because it involves both extensive bleeding and coagulation. The balance between the clotting and bleeding mechanism in the body is lost. The thrombin is responsible for the prothro...



Sickle Cell Anemia Pathophysiology & Schematic Diagram by RNspeak on Nov 25, 2012The condition wherein the body cannot properly utilize or produce normal amounts of red blood cells and/or hemoglobin is termed as anemia. There are a number of types of this disorder namely (1) Iron deficiency anemia, (2) thalassemia, (3) penicious...



Osteoarthritis Pathophysiology & Schematic Diagram by RNspeak on Nov 8, 2012Osteoarthritis is a degenerative joint disease. This is different from rheumatoid arthritis because it may or may not involve inflammation. This disease gradually progresses and is not systemic in nature. It is one of the most common joint diseases.



Concept of Carcinogenesis – The Start Where End Begins by RNspeak on Aug 24, 2012CANCER, medically termed as CA or cellular aberration is one of the major causes of sufferings and death around the globe. It is cause by a carcinogen and co-carcinogen (required for carcinogen to affect human cell), and this was initiated by wrong a...



Alcoholic Cirrhosis Pathophysiology & Schematic Diagram by RNspeak on Aug 5, 2012Cirrhosis is the general term used to pertain to the destruction in the normal structures of the liver lobules. It is defined with its four important features: destruction in liver parenchyma, separation of lobules by fibrous tissue, development of a...



Typhoid Fever Pathophysiology & Schematic Diagram by RNspeak on Jul 24, 2012Typhoid fever is termed as an acute illness accompanied by fever caused by a gram negative bacilli called as Salmonella typhi. It is transmitted via fecal- oral route through contaminated water supply or food. Clients who had harboured this infection...